Understanding the meaning of behaviors in dementia/major neurocognitive disorder (D/NCD) is proposed as an essential step to make substantive progress in developing pharmacological and behavioral interventions. This book encompasses the synopsis of the direction sought from behavioral and developmental psychology and dementia literature to achieve the aforementioned goal. This book will provide a historical overview of the literature on the existing terminology and classification of behaviors in D/NCD, identification of limitations and gaps, and proposed future direction in this area of dementia care.
The first essential step in attaining this goal was to develop a comprehensive biopsychosocial model for the occurrence of behaviors in D/NCD, as all existing models are dichotomized along biological and psychosocial paradigms. The second step was identification of criteria to develop a reliable and valid classification system for this BPS model.
This process involved aggregation of individual behavioral symptoms into:
1. Clinically meaningful behavioral categories
2. Defining the meaning portrayed by each of these individual behavioral categories
3. Identification of the specification of the theoretical constructs, which justified the aggregation of individual behavioral symptoms into clinically meaningful categories
In clinical practice, identification of individual behavioral symptoms under each of the identified behavioral category will provide the clinician with a theoretical framework to ascribe the meaning or the purpose for its presence in the patient. This added understanding for the presence of behaviors should assist the clinician in developing behavioral interventions that are sustainable and affordable, thereby optimizing the use of medications.
Men’s Stories for a Change records and analyses stories written by a group of older men who met over thirteen years to share memories about ageing and masculinity. So here there are stories of love and sex, bodily change, crisis and disturbance, politics and power, struggles with violent feelings and action, work, sport, clothes, peeing, hair, and hairlessness. These men share a view of manhood, gender, and ageing that, while critical of dominant frames and inspired by feminist politics, is optimistic without underestimating the challenges of older age and old age, including the approach to the end of life. They see ageing as an opportunity for personal and social and, indeed, political change, for dealing with longstanding issues, especially around gender and power, and as a time of innovating too. This project aims to help, if only in some small way, in opening up these issues, freeing up in a profeminist direction the voices of other men individually or collectively, ageing or otherwise.
The authors have all been involved in some kind of men’s anti-sexist, profeminist politics, and/or men’s
personal development work, along with other personal and political activism in such arenas as anti-nuclear, anti-racism, green, left, socialist, and peace politics over the years. Using the methods of memory work, the writers are both subjects and objects; the text cuts across that division too. Similarly, this volume can be located in various traditions, genres, and forms of writing. This is a project that is both finished and unfinished.
This book is ideal for students in the health and human service professions. It focuses on the field of aging and it examines ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation, areas that are recognized by gerontologists as critical in understanding the social and behavioral factors that influence the life course of individuals as they age. The book addresses five major ethnic groups: Asian American, African American, Arab American, Hispanic/Latino American, and Native American, and it provides a broad knowledge base of the issues, needs, concerns, and strengths of these rapidly growing older populations. This book was written by scholars from different universities, of different ages, different ethnicities, and of different disciplines, such as the fields of sociology, social work, social welfare, anthropology, criminology, and nursing.